Immigration Reading List

Last Updated: 6/12/2014

View the Immigration Reading List Archive.

The Center's work is located on the Publication page.

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GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

1. Senate testimony on evaluating port security
2. House testimony on DHS oversight
3. DHS statistics on naturalizations during 2013
4. GAO testimony on maritime security
5. N.Z.: Statistics on international migration

REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

6. Heritage Foundation issue brief: "Reforming DHS Through the Appropriations Process"
7. Heritage Foundation legal memorandum: "The ENLIST Act: A Back Door to Instant Citizenship"
8. Pew Center report: "From Germany to Mexico: How America’s source of immigrants has changed over a century"
9. Five new reports and features from the Migration Policy Institute
10. Twelve new papers from the Social Science Research Network
11. U.K.: Three new briefing papers from MigrationWatch UK

BOOKS

12. Humanitarian Crises and Migration: Causes, Consequences and Responses
13. Immigrant Networks and Social Capital
14. The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-war Immigration Hardcover
15. On the Doorstep of Europe: Asylum and Citizenship in Greece
16. Language and Muslim Immigrant Childhoods: The Politics of Belonging

JOURNALS

17. CSEM Newsletter
18. Ethnic and Racial Studies
19. International Migration
20. Refugee Survey Quarterly

1.
Senate Committee on Homeland Security
Wednesday, June 4, 2014
http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/hearings/evaluating-port-security-progress-made-and-challenges-ahead

Evaluating Port Security: Progress Made and Challenges Ahead

Statement of Chairman Thomas R. Carper
http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/templates/watch.cfm?id=7483fabe-5056-a032-521b-040ecf720cf5

Witness testimony:
[click link to access]

Ellen McClain
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Transborder Policy
Office of Policy, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Rear Admiral Paul F. Thomas, USCG
Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy
U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Kevin K. McAleenan
Acting Deputy Commissioner
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Brian E. Kamoie
Assistant Administrator for Grant Programs
Federal Emergency Management Agency, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Stephen Sadler
Assistant Administrator for Intelligence and Analysis
Transportation Security Administration, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Stephen L. Caldwell
Director, Homeland Security and Justice Issues
U.S. Government Accountability Office

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2.
House Committee on the Judiciary
Thursday, May 29, 2014
http://judiciary.house.gov/index.cfm/hearings?ID=46C27B59-72FE-46B4-9EDE-6576FC56F795

Oversight of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Statement of Chiarman Bob Goodlatte
http://judiciary.house.gov/index.cfm/2014/5/oversight-of-the-u-s-department-of-homeland-security

Witness testimony:

Jeh Johnson
Secretary of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
http://judiciary.house.gov/_cache/files/189c8334-81e9-4d5e-bf46-96e0383e6ee2/dhs-testimony-5.29.14.pdf

Excerpt:

Immigration enforcement is also critical to homeland security. ICE continues to focus on sensible, effective immigration enforcement that prioritizes the removal of national security and public safety threats, and those apprehended at the border while attempting to unlawfully enter the United States.

As I’m sure you know, on March 13 of this year, the White House shared that President Obama directed me to review our deportation policies, to see if removals can be conducted in a more humane manner. To accomplish this, I have sought advice and input from my team within DHS, including the very people that enforce our immigration laws on a daily basis. As I continue my review, I welcome the ideas of various stakeholders and Members of Congress from both sides of the aisle who bring to the discussion a diverse set of views. This review is ongoing.

Whatever we do to revise our enforcement policies, however, is no substitute for comprehensive immigration reform passed by Congress. Last year, the Senate passed a reform bill that would increase our border and port security, more effectively discourage employers from hiring undocumented workers, better enable employers to hire documented workers to meet labor needs, remove obstacles to family reunification, improve our ability to attract and retain highly-skilled immigrants by creating additional avenues for entrepreneurs and foreign students who graduate with advanced STEM degrees, and provide an earned path to citizenship for the estimated 11.4 million undocumented immigrants in this country, many of whom have been here for years.

This bill passed the Senate by a bipartisan vote of 68-32, is supported by President Obama, Democrats and Republicans, the business and labor communities, law enforcement and religious leaders, and, according to polls, the majority of the American people.

The estimated 11.4 million undocumented immigrants living in this country are not going away. They are not going to “self-deport.” As a matter of homeland security, we should encourage these people to come out of the shadows of American society, pay taxes and fines, be held accountable, and be given the opportunity to get on a path to citizenship like others. What we are talking about is not amnesty, or rewarding people for breaking the law; it is an opportunity to actually get right with the law and get in line behind others. It is far preferable to what we have now.

Meanwhile, I am committed to enforcingour immigration laws in manner that best promotes and ensures national security, public safety and border security. I am aware of the reports that in Fiscal Year 2013 thousands of individuals with criminal convictions who may be removable were released from custody. I have asked for a deeper understanding of this issue. Many of these releases were directed by immigration judges or pursuant to legal requirements, and/or with conditions of supervision intended to ensure their monitoring and appearance. Nevertheless, I intend to work with ICE leadership to determine whether we are doing everything we can to maximize public safety

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3.
U.S. Naturalizations: 2013
By James Lee and Katie Foreman
DHS Annual Flow Report, May 2014
http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/ois_natz_fr_2013.pdf

Excerpt:

In 2013, a total of 779,929 persons naturalized (see Table 1 and Figure 1). The leading countries of birth of new citizens were Mexico (99,385), India (49,897), the Philippines (43,489), the Dominican Republic (39,590), and the People’s Republic of China (35,387). The largest number of persons naturalizing lived in California (164,792), New York (107,330), and Florida (101,773).

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4.
New from the General Accountability Office

Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges with Selected Port Security Programs
By Stephen L. Caldwell, Director, Homeland Security and Justice
Testimony before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Government Accountability Office, GAO-14-636T, June 4, 2014
Report - http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-636T
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/663783.pdf

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5.
International migration to and from Auckland region: 1996–2013
Statistics New Zealand, June 5, 2014
http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/population/Migration/international-travel-and-migration-articles/international-migration-to-from-auckland.aspx

Excerpt:

Total migrant flows

Auckland recorded the highest net gain of migrants from 1996 to 2013 when compared with the other regions in New Zealand, and was 1 of only 4 to record a net gain over this period. Of those who specified a New Zealand address in 2013, almost one-half (48 percent) of PLT arrivals and 42 percent of departures were to and from Auckland. Detailed comparisons with the other regions exclude migrants who did not state a New Zealand address, as many of these people would have settled in Auckland and so may share similar characteristics.

Auckland experienced a decrease in migrant arrivals in 1998 and 1999, a decrease experienced throughout New Zealand. This was followed by increases in the next few years, up to the peak of 41,100 arrivals to Auckland in 2003.

On 2 July 2003, a change to New Zealand immigration policy granted extra points to people applying for residence under the ‘skilled migrant’ category, if they had a relevant job offer outside the Auckland region. Auckland was immediately affected by the new policy, with arrivals decreasing from the 2003 peak to 31,000 in 2005.

In contrast, the other regions experienced a very small dip from the peak of 40,100 arrivals in 2003, to 37,900 in 2005. Arrivals to the other regions then grew to 41,400 in 2009. Migration into Auckland also recovered slightly to reach a peak of 35,300 arrivals in 2009, although still well below the 2003 high.

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6.
Reforming DHS Through the Appropriations Process
By David Inserra
Issue Brief No. 4230, May 29, 2014
http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/pdf/IB4230.pdf

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7.
The ENLIST Act: A Back Door to Instant Citizenship
By Charles "Cully" Stimson
Legal Memorandum No. 124, May 27, 2014
http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/pdf/LM124.pdf

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8.
From Germany to Mexico: How America’s source of immigrants has changed over a century
By Jens Manuel Krogstad and Michael Keegan
Pew Research Center, May 27, 2014
http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/05/27/a-shift-from-germany-to-mexico-for-americas-immigrants/

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9.
New from the Migration Policy Institute

1. Immigrant Parents and Early Childhood Programs: Addressing Barriers of Literacy, Culture, and Systems Knowledge
By Maki Park and Margie McHugh
June 2014
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/immigrant-parents-early-childhood-programs-barriers

2. Future EU policy development on immigration and asylum: Understanding the challenge
By Elizabeth Collett
MPI Policy Brief, June 2014
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/future-eu-policy-development-immigration-and-asylum-understanding-challenge

3. Moving Up the Ladder? Labor Market Outcomes in the United Kingdom amid Rising Immigration
By Tommaso Frattini
May 2014
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/moving-up-ladder-labor-market-outcomes-united-kingdom-immigration

4. Brain Waste in the Workforce: Select U.S. and State Characteristics of College-Educated Native-Born and Immigrant Adults
By Margie McHugh, Jeanne Batalova, and Madeleine Morawski
MPI Fact Sheet, May 2014
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/brain-waste-US-state-workforce-characteristics-college-educated-immigrants

5. Haitian Immigrants in the United States
By Chiamaka Nwosu and Jeanne Batalova
MPI Information Source, May 29, 2014
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/haitian-immigrants-united-states-0

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10.
New from the Social Science Research Network

1. The Effect on Immigration of Changes in Regulations and Policies: A Case Study
By Ådne Cappelen and Terje Skjerpen, Statistics Norway
JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 52, Issue 4, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2445714

2. Immigrant Versus Natives? Displacement and Job Creation
By Caglar Ozden, World Bank and Mathis Wagner, Boston College
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6900
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2445215

3. Access or Barrier? Tuition and Fee Legislation for Undocumented Students Across the States
By David H.K. Nguyen, Indiana University Bloomington and Gabriel R. Serna, University of Northern Colorado
The Clearing House: A Journal of Education Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 87(3), 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2444430

4. The Rise of Speed Deportation and the Role of Discretion
By Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia, Penn State Law
May 30, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2443911

5. Immigration in a Population Context
By Glenn Withers, Australian National University (ANU)
Australian Economic Review, Vol. 47, Issue 2, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2442580

6. Understanding the Impact of Migration on Innovation
By Paul H. Jensen, University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research

Australian Economic Review, Vol. 47, Issue 2, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2442579

7. New Political Issues, Niche Parties, and Spatial Voting in Multiparty Systems: Immigration as a Dimension of Electoral Competition in Scandinavia
By Kirill Zhirkov, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 12/PS/2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2441894

8. 'Crimmigration' and the Right to Counsel at the Border between Civil and Criminal Proceedings
By Christopher N. Lasch, University of Denver Sturm College of Law
Iowa Law Review, Vol. 99, 2014, Forthcoming
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2442124

9. Life Satisfaction of Immigrants: Does Cultural Assimilation Matter?
By Viola Angelini, University of Groningen Faculty of Economics and Business; Laura Casi, Bocconi University; and Luca Corazzini, University of Padua Department of Economics
SOEPpaper No. 654, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2439643

10. Immigration into Europe: Economic Discrimination, Violence, and Public Policy
By Rafaela M. Dancygier, Princeton University and David Laitin, Stanford University
Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2439666

11. Public Attitudes Toward Immigration
By Jens Hainmueller, Stanford University Department of Political Science and Daniel J. Hopkins, Georgetown University
Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2439671

12. Legal Status and the Criminal Activity of Immigrants
By Giovanni Mastrobuoni, University of Essex Department of Economics and Paolo Pinotti, Bocconi University
January 19, 2014
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2438682

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11.
International Students – A Guide to Visa Conditions across the English Speaking World
MigrationWatch UK briefing paper, May 2014
http://www.migrationwatchuk.org/briefing-paper/2.27

Many East Europeans Work Hard But How Many Pay Tax?
MigrationWatch UK briefing paper, April 2014
http://www.migrationwatchuk.org/briefing-paper/1.38

The Outlook for EU Migration
MigrationWatch UK briefing paper, April 2014
http://www.migrationwatchuk.org/briefing-paper/4.29

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12.
Humanitarian Crises and Migration: Causes, Consequences and Responses
Edited by Susan F. Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe, and Abbie Taylor

Routledge, 400 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0415857317, $150.56
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0415857317/centerforimmigra

Paperback, ISBN: 0415857325, $44.04
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0415857325/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 1755 KB, ASIN: B00JZKOYTE, $41.84

Book Description: Whether it is the stranding of tens of thousands of migrant workers at the Libyan–Tunisian border, or the large-scale displacement triggered by floods in Pakistan and Colombia, hardly a week goes by in which humanitarian crises have not precipitated human movement. While some people move internally, others internationally, some temporarily and others permanently, there are also those who become "trapped" in place, unable to move to greater safety. Responses to these "crisis migrations" are varied and inadequate. Only a fraction of "crisis migrants" are protected by existing international, regional or national law. Even where law exists, practice does not necessarily guarantee safety and security for those who are forced to move or remain trapped. Improvements are desperately needed to ensure more consistent and effective responses.

This timely book brings together leading experts from multi-disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on diverse humanitarian crises and to shed light on a series of exploratory questions: In what ways do people move in the face of crisis situations? Why do some people move, while others do not? Where do people move? When do people move, and for how long? What are the challenges and opportunities in providing protection to crisis migrants? How might we formulate appropriate responses and sustainable solutions, and upon what factors should these depend? This volume is divided into four parts, with an introductory section outlining the parameters of "crisis migration," conceptualizing the term and evaluating its utility. This section also explores the legal, policy and institutional architecture upon which current responses are based. Part II presents a diverse set of case studies, from the earthquake in Haiti and the widespread violence in Mexico, to the ongoing exodus from Somalia, and environmental degradation in Alaska and the Carteret Islands, among others. Part III focuses on populations that may be at particular risk, including non-citizens, migrants at sea, those displaced to urban areas, and trapped populations. The concluding section maps the global governance of crisis migration and highlights gaps in current provisions for crisis-related movement across multiple levels.

This valuable book brings together previously diffuse research and policy issues under the analytical umbrella of "crisis migration." It lays the foundations for assessing and addressing real challenges to the status quo, and will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and practitioners committed to seeking out improved responses and ensuring the dignity and safety of millions who move in the context of humanitarian crises.

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13.
Immigrant Networks and Social Capital
By Carl L. Bankston

Polity, 240 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0745662366, $64.95
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0745662366/centerforimmigra

Paperback, ISBN: 0745662374, $14.36
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0745662374/centerforimmigra

Book Description: In recent years, immigration researchers have increasingly drawn on the concept of social capital and the role of social networks to understand the dynamics of immigrant experiences. How can they help to explain what brings migrants from some countries to others, or why members of different immigrant groups experience widely varying outcomes in their community settings, occupational opportunities, and educational outcomes?

This timely book examines the major issues in social capital research, showing how economic and social contexts shape networks in the process of migration, and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of this approach to the study of international migration. By drawing on a broad range of examples from major immigrant groups, the book takes network-based social capital theory out of the realm of abstraction and reveals the insights it offers.

Written in a readily comprehensible, jargon-free style, Immigrant Networks and Social Capital is appropriate for undergraduate and graduate classes in international migration, networks, and political and social theory in general. It provides both a theoretical synthesis for professional social scientists and a clear introduction to network approaches to social capital for students, policy-makers, and anyone interested in contemporary social trends and issues.

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14.
The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-war Immigration
By David Goodhart

Atlantic Books, 416 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 1843548054, $25.88
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1843548054/centerforimmigra

Paperback, ISBN: 1843548062, $20.93
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1843548062/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 732 KB, ASIN: B00AD5GBKU, $7.89

Book Description: In The British Dream, David Goodhart tells the story of postwar immigration and charts a course for its future. Drawing on hundreds of interviews with people from all over the country and a wealth of statistical evidence, he paints a striking picture of how Britain has been transformed by immigration and examines the progress of its ethnic minorities—projected to be around 25 per cent of the population by the early 2020s. Britain today is a more open society for minorities than ever before, but it is also a more fragmented one. Goodhart argues that an overzealous multiculturalism has exacerbated this problem by reinforcing difference instead of promoting a common life. The multi-ethnic success of Team GB at the 2012 Olympics and a taste for chicken tikka masala are not, he suggests, sufficient to forge common bonds; Britain needs a political culture of integration. Goodhart concludes that if Britain is to avoid a narrowing of the public realm and sharply segregated cities, as in many parts of the U.S., its politicians and opinion leaders must do two things. Firstly, as advocated by the center right, they need to bring immigration down to more moderate and sustainable levels. Secondly, as advocated by the center left, they need to shape a progressive national story about openness and opportunity, one that captures how people of different traditions are coming together to make the British dream.

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15.
On the Doorstep of Europe: Asylum and Citizenship in Greece
By Heath Cabot

University of Pennsylvania Press, 272 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0812246152, $52.00
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0812246152/centerforimmigra

Book Description: Greece has shouldered a heavy burden in the global economic crisis, struggling with political and financial insecurity. Greece has also the most porous external border of the European Union, tasked with ensuring that the EU's boundaries are both "secure and humanitarian" and hosting enormous numbers of migrants and asylum seekers who arrive by land and sea. The recent leadership and fiscal crises have led to a breakdown of legal entitlements for both Greek citizens and those seeking refuge within the country's borders.

On the Doorstep of Europe is an ethnographic study of the asylum system in Greece, tracing the ways asylum seekers, bureaucrats, and service providers attempt to navigate the dilemmas of governance, ethics, knowledge, and sociability that emerge through this legal process. Centering on the work of an asylum advocacy NGO in Athens, Heath Cabot explores how workers and clients grapple with predicaments endemic to Europeanization and rights-based protection. Drawing inspiration from classical Greek tragedy to highlight both the transformative potential and the violence of law, Cabot charts the structural violence effected through European governance, rights frameworks, and humanitarian intervention while also exploring how Athenian society is being remade from the inside out. She shows how, in contemporary Greece, relationships between insiders and outsiders are radically reconfigured through legal, political, and economic crises.

In addition to providing a textured, on-the-ground account of the fraught context of asylum and immigration in Europe's borderlands, On the Doorstep of Europe highlights the unpredictable and transformative ways in which those in host nations navigate legal and political violence, even in contexts of inexorable duress and inequality.

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16.
Language and Muslim Immigrant Childhoods: The Politics of Belonging
By Inmaculada M García-Sánchez

Wiley-Blackwell, 376 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0470673338, $82.95
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0470673338/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 2623 KB, ASIN: B00JJVLUGY, $57.99

Book Description: This revealing analysis of everyday language use among Moroccan immigrant children in Spain explores their cultural and linguistic life-worlds as they develop a hybrid, yet coherent, sense of identity in their multilingual communities. The author shows how they adapt to the local ambivalence toward Muslim culture and increased surveillance by Spanish authorities.

* Offers ground-breaking research from linguistic anthropology charting the politics of childhood in Muslim immigrant communities in Spain
* Illuminates the contemporary debates concerning assimilation and alienation in Europe’s immigrant Muslim and North African populations
* Provides an integrated blend of theory and empirical ethnographic data
* Enriches recent research on immigrant children with analyses of their sense of belonging, communicative practices, and emerging processes of identification

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17.
CSEM Newsletter
May 2014
http://csem.org.br/

English language content:

UN EXPERTS CALL ON GOVERNMENTS TO ADOPT LEGALLY BINDING TREATY AGAINST FORCED LABOUR

Independent United Nations human rights experts dealing with the issues of slavery, migrants and trafficking today called on governments to adopt a legally binding international protocol to respond to the scourge of forced labour.

Forced labour generates $150 billion in illegal profits per year, which is about three times more than previously estimated, according to new figures released this week by the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) in its report ‘Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour.’

“A legally binding protocol is essential to fight forced labour and represents a crucial opportunity for more coherent international action to advance the eradication of slavery-like practices around the world,” the experts stressed in a news release.

“Setting adequate international standards will enable to hold accountable all those who fail to exercise due diligence to prevent exploitation of the most vulnerable in society.”

The ILO report noted that two-thirds of the $150 billion generated by forced labour – or $99 billion – came from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion resulted from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities.

The human rights experts called on ILO members to take appropriate action at the upcoming International Labour Conference, set to begin on 28 May, and encouraged them to vote for a legally binding protocol supported by a guiding recommendation to States.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/2460-un-experts-call-on-governments-to-adopt-legally-binding-treaty-against-forced-labour

SOME 10,000 PEOPLE IN UKRAINE NOW AFFECTED BY DISPLACEMENT, UN AGENCY SAYS

The United Nations refugee agency estimated today that 10,000 people, most ethnic Tatars, but also Ukrainians, Russians and mixed families, have fled Crimea and restive eastern Ukraine to other parts of the country, out of fear of insecurity or persecution.

“Displacement in Ukraine started before the March referendum in Crimea and has been rising gradually since. Registration numbers are being compiled on the basis of data we are receiving from local authorities,” Adrian Edwards, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said at a press briefing in Geneva.

“Among the affected population are people who have been displaced twice – first from Crimea, and then again from the eastern part of the country,” Mr. Edwards added, noting that at least a third of the displaced are children.

He said that a needs assessment has recently been completed and UNHCR is working closely with local authorities, other UN agencies and NGO partners to assist those affected. So far, this includes legal assistance, integration grants for 150 families, cash assistance for 2000 people and improved shelters for 50 families.

He said that most displaced families have gone to central (45 per cent) and western Ukraine (26 per cent), though some are also in the southern and eastern regions. The number of Ukrainian asylum-seekers in other countries has remained low.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/2472-some-10-000-people-in-ukraine-now-affected-by-displacement-un-agency-says

HUMAN TRAFFICKING CONTINUES IN YOLANDA-HIT AREAS
By Reyan Arinto
. . .
Right after the typhoon struck in November 2013, the police established Police Assistance Centers (PACs) at the Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport in Tacloban, in major seaports and in evacuation centers to assist and investigate suspected trafficking-in-person (TIP) cases.

The PNP also worked alongside the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to address the problem. Special assistance centers were established in ferry and bus terminals in Ormoc City, Northern Samar and Southern Leyte, all considered exit points for trafficking victims in the region.

Losañes added that assistance centers were also put up in two temporary shelter areas in Tacloban where a team of PNP Women and Children Protection Center conducts orientation and awareness campaign for evacuees on the dire consequences of human trafficking.

Aid groups operating in Eastern Visayas are equally concerned about the reported human trafficking in the region.

Val C. Estevez, program manager of Save the Children, a US-based independent charity for children in need, said the government should strengthen its investigation into the suspected recruitment of child workers for sex trafficking.

“In areas affected by natural disasters, the risks for children to be trafficked are high. They are desperate and especially vulnerable to traffickers,” he added.

Another aid group, Plan International Philippines, confirmed that after typhoon Yolanda, cases of human trafficking were reported in three Samar provinces, adding that Samar Island is known as a source and transit area of human trafficking.

Even before the typhoon, about 28 cases of human trafficking were reported by the DSWD in the region. Six months after typhoon Yolanda, people from the devastated provinces continue to leave in droves, making it hard at times to differentiate between human traffickers, parents or relatives leaving the region with children.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/2479-human-trafficking-continues-in-yolanda-hit-areas

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18.
Ethnic and Racial Studies
Vol. 37, No. 7, June 2014
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rers20/current#.U44SJijidCo

Special Issue: Belonging to the nation: generational change, identity and the Chinese diaspora

Belonging to the nation: generational change, identity and the Chinese diaspora
By Gregor Benton and Edmund Terence Gomez
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.890236#.U44SuijidCo

Segmented assimilation and socio-economic integration of Chinese immigrant children in the USA
By Min Zhou
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.874566#.U44SzijidCo

Beyond Chinese groupism: Chinese Australians between assimilation, multiculturalism and diaspora
By Ien Ang
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.859287#.U44S5CjidCo

Contesting the ‘model minority’: racialization, youth culture and ‘British Chinese’/‘Oriental’ nights
By Diana Yeh
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.859288#.U44UFSjidCo

‘After the break’: re-conceptualizing ethnicity, national identity and ‘Malaysian-Chinese’ identities
By Sharmani Patricia Gabriel
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.859286#.U44T8yjidCo

Beyond co-ethnicity: the politics of differentiating and integrating new immigrants in Singapore
By Hong Liu
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.892630#.U44T1ijidCo

Chinese descendants in Italy: emergence, role and uncertain identity
By Anna Marsden
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.883082#.U44TvijidCo

Training for transnationalism: Chinese children in Hungary
By Pal Nyíri
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2014.878029#.U44TACjidCo

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19.
International Migration
Vol. 52, No. 3, June 2014
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.2014.52.issue-3/issuetoc

Articles:

Current Policy Trends in Skilled Immigration Policy
By Anna Boucher and Lucie Cerna
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12152/abstract

Selective Migration Policy Models and Changing Realities of Implementation
Rey Koslowski
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12136/abstract

Recruiting High Skill Labour in North America: Policies, Outcomes and Futures
By Monica Boyd
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12139/abstract

Doing the Business: Variegation, Opportunity and Intercultural Experience among Intra-EU Highly-Skilled Migrants
By Jon Mulholland and Louise Ryan
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12120/abstract

Attracting High-Skilled Immigrants: Policies in Comparative Perspective
By Lucie Cerna
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12158/abstract

The Wages of Skilled Temporary Migrants: Effects of Visa Pathways and Job Portability
By B. Lindsay Lowell and Johanna Avato
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12133/abstract

Australian Employer Response to the Study-Migration Pathway: The Quantitative Evidence 2007-2011
By Lesleyanne Hawthorne and Anna To
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12154/references

Towards a Gendered Evaluation of (Highly) Skilled Immigration Policies in Europe
By Eleonore Kofman
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12121/abstract

MARRIAGE, FAMILY, CHILDREN, AND YOUTH

Troubled by Law: The Subjectivizing Effects of Danish Marriage Reunification Laws
By Garbi Schmidt
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12132/abstract

Teenage Marriage, and the Socioeconomic Status of Hmong Women
By Pa Der Vang and Matthew Bogenschutz
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2435.2010.00674.x/abstract

International Married and Unmarried Unions in Italy: Criteria of Mate Selection
By Dionisia Maffioli, Anna Paterno and Giuseppe Gabrielli
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12049/abstract

Migration and Family Happiness in Bolivia: Does Social Disintegration Negate Economic Well-being?
By Richard C. Jones
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12007/abstract

Families Across Borders: The Emotional Impacts of Migration on Origin Families
By Alexis Silver
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2435.2010.00672.x/abstract

The Impact of Migration on Children's Psychological and Academic Functioning in the Republic of Moldova
By Mihaela Robila
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12029/abstract

“I Wouldn't Stay Here”: Economic Crisis and Youth Mobility in Ireland
By David Cairns
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2435.2012.00776.x/abstract

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20.
Refugee Survey Quarterly
Vol. 33, No. 2, June 2014
http://rsq.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/2?etoc

Articles

Despair as a Governing Strategy: Australia and the Offshore Processing of Asylum-Seekers on Nauru
By Caroline Fleay and Sue Hoffman
http://rsq.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/2/1.abstract.html?etoc

The Art of Inclusive Exclusions: Educating the Palestinian Refugee Students in Lebanon
By Maha Shuayb
http://rsq.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/2/20.abstract.html?etoc

Burmese Refugee Experience Accessing Health Care in New Delhi: A Qualitative Study
By Parveen Parmar, Emily Aaronson, Margeaux Fischer, and Kelli N. O’Laughlin
http://rsq.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/2/38.abstract.html?etoc

At a Crossroads? Reflections on the Right to Asylum for European Union Citizens
By Rebecca Stern
http://rsq.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/2/54.abstract.html?etoc